Tips for a Musical Theater Audition

A musical audition can include singing, dancing and acting. By contrast, an actor auditioning of for a drama may simply be focused on performing a few lines from the script. Therefore, attending to the right details before your musical audition can clear the way for your talents to shine. Your confidence will run higher as well, and your chances of truly catching the attention of the casting director will significantly improve.

Preparation’s the Key

Let’s face it, it’s hard to be over-prepared for a musical audition. The greater challenge is usually setting aside the time to learn about the show and to prepare and practice your performance.

Ideally, a DVD rental or an audio track will get you quickly up to speed. Even if its a performance that you’re intimately familiar with, a fresh review of the play or the soundtrack will add to your nuanced understanding of what you are auditioning for. This may help you to project deeper emotions or more appropriate expressions.

Some casting directors will actually want you to perform something from the show to be cast as well as a second, unrelated piece. This helps the casting director to better gauge your range. It also helps to keep you separate from others in the mind of the director. Plus, you are inherently limited by the show to be cast when it comes to part one of your audition. Your second selection can help to show off your truly unique talents.

Usually, one verse and one chorus of each song is all that’s required. Timing can be important. Too short a presentation may not leave an adequate impression. Too long an audition may potentially irritate those in charge.

Understand that an audition may feel hectic, but actual performances feel this way as well. A casting director will be understandably reluctant to select a performer that is too easily thrown off by commotion.

Presentation is Vital

A professional-looking outfit that offers freedom of movement is very helpful. The right outfit creates that all-important positive first impression. At the same time, comfort is key. You don’t want to be wearing a tie that feels tight around your neck when there are already nerves to cope with. Nor do you want to be trying to perform dance leaps with needlessly restrictive clothing on.

Auditions that feature dancing require that you have the right dance shoes along. Showing up at an audition without dance shoes is like showing up at the golf course without clubs.

Other Basics

Arrive a half-hour before your scheduled audition time. This will keep you relaxed and give you time to warm up. Sometimes, a few performers fail to show, and things run ahead of schedule. At an audition, being prepared for the unexpected will enhance your chances.

Have a few copies of your resume and your head shot along with you. Don’t gamble on only having one along. Have your sheet music properly arranged in a folder or binder for the pianist. Making it easy on the pianist is wise, as you are somewhat dependent on his or her skills.

Finally, be prepared for a “cold reading” from the screen play or a “sight reading” from the music. Here’s where your previous level of preparation will become apparent. Cold readings can really throw the performer who is too unfamiliar with the show. By contrast, your confidence will soar if you continue to feel like you have everything under control.

Stadium User Comfort and Requirements

General standards of comfort

Once upon a time, stadiums were merely monolithic concrete structures designed to sell as many tickets as possible to fans, whether seated or standing. This phenomena was particularly pronounced in the world of soccer, where fans worldwide settled for any opportunity to see their team, regardless of the inconveniences involved.

Trends Toward Comfort

stadiums, stadium, arenas, arenaThen, the age of the stadiums for exclusively seated fans began. The elimination of “standing room only” areas simultaneously increased comfort and safety. The trend did not stop there. The overall comfort of the spectators has been seriously addressed in recent decades, from those in the lowest cost seats to those in the VIP boxes. Thanks in part to the Americans With Disabilities Act, wheelchair access has been significantly improved in arenas and stadiums alike in the United States.

Also, as today’s spectator finds that many more places at which to spend their leisure time, venues have had to become more comfort-conscious to remain competitive. At the same time, added comfort and convenience have translated into an ability to command higher prices for tickets in many instances.

Comfort vs. Capacity

stadiums, stadium, arenas, arenaA balance must be struck between comfort and capacity, and in today’s sports and entertainment marketplace, the comfort of the spectator is more important than ever. Capacity can also be addressed by simply adding more seats, although this adds construction and maintenance expense. Additionally, at some point, those in the seats most distant from the action are in an unsatisfactory position.

stadiums, stadium, arenas, arena

To try and capture an intimate atmosphere – not easy in a stadium that can hold up to 90,000 fans – seats are placed as close to the front of the pitch as possible. At the same time, careful attention has been paid to acoustics to maximise the impact of crowd’s roar. And to combat the misery of the half-time toilet queue, there are 2,618 toilets on site, more than at any other venue in the world. Cutting edge design in stadiums isn’t limited to the Wembleys of this world. Go up the M6, and Bolton Wanderer’s Reebok Stadium, designed by Populous, is a great example of what a smaller club stadium can achieve. With a still impressive capacity of 28,723, the stadium has a simple oval bowl shape, with four overlapping curved roofs. Above, four tapering tubular towers support the pitch’s floodlighting and the main trusses, appearing to almost be straining to watch the match themselves. And it’s not just football fans likely to see this spectacular sight; its South stand has been extended and developed into a 125 bed 4-star hotel – the Bolton Whites – where guests can enjoy the game from the comfort of their hotel rooms.

stadiums, stadium, arenas, arena

Design brings suite holders close to the action while not adversely affecting the upper deck.

In fact, in today’s marketplace, many developers have eschewed higher capacities in favor of better viewing and more comfort. In many situations, architects are able to improve spectator comfort with only minimal impact on capacity. Fans are happy and necessary revenue levels are maintained. At the same time, certain sports organizations require a minimum number of seats in the arenas in which they play, so this reality must also be taken into account.  Learn more.

By contrast, a poorly designed facility will often misuse space via marginal planning and an ineffective design. Sometimes, HVAC systems and air circulation concepts are faulty. They may not properly account for the natural movement of spectators throughout the structure.

Circulation of All Groups Must be Considered

stadiums, stadium, arenas, arenaDesigners must account for the travel patterns of various groups of fans from the moment they arrive at the stadium or arena until they reach their respective seats. Access to regular seating may be addressed differently than access to VIP seating or to other premium seats. The flow of ticket holders in and out of their seats needs to be carefully considered if their collective experiences are to be optimized. Again, the overall experience of the fan will determine average attendance levels and overall revenue over time.

Developers, architects and designers need to specifically focus on different categories of those that will use the venue. Their varied needs and desires should be accounted for throughout the design and implementation phases. The circulation and distribution of these different groups should be clearly defined:

  • General public
  • VIPs
  • Disabled attendees
  • Regular facility staff
  • Emergency and public safety personnel
  • Private security personnel
  • Players, coaches and team support staff
  • Referees and officials
  • Media personnel
  • Maintenance personnel
  • Administrative staff
  • Concessions staff

If a facility is designed and constructed in a fashion that does not properly consider the movement of any one or more of these groups, problems will arise. Therefore, a coordinated, integrated plan for the circulation of all individuals is important. The arrival point of each group must be defined, and their anticipated movement within the stadium or arena must be calculated. Their positions before, during and after the competition or performance need to be identified with a real degree of specificity. If this is accomplished in a skillful way, everyone will benefit over the long-term.

See an example of an Inflow Traffic Flow Map here.

Readers Theater

readers theater

An alternative response to the endless special effects that dominate many of today’s theatrical productions has emerged. Readers theatre, as it is called, is a form of presentation that stresses a more direct relationship between the actors and the audience. It is presentational, rather than representational. Readers theater removes the so-called “fourth wall” in representational theater.

In readers theatre, presentationalism often includes eye contact with audience members. It also encourages the active participation and imagination of the audience. It has often been called “theater of the mind.” During the course of a performance, one reader may play various roles. Likewise, multiple readers can play a single character. Elaborate sets are eschewed. Indeed, sets, lighting and costumes are essentially fleshed out in the minds of audience members.

For a presenter to be effective, deep analysis of the playwright’s text becomes a key to success. The necessary approach has been said to be similar to the intense scrutiny that a top violinist would give to a Beethoven quartet in preparing for a performance.


Readers theater is often said to derive from a heritage held in common with traditional theater. It has emerged from interpretive reading traditions that can be traced back to an early Greek drama when a character, Thespis, approached the audience. In this ancient drama, the actor playing Thespis would then directly tell a narrative myth to the audience. Presentationalism of this sort has been commonly associated with the soliloquies and asides often present in the works of the likes of Shakespeare, Marlowe and Moliere. In America, the development of this type of theatre is attributed to the evolution of curricula in oral interpretation at certain schools like Northwestern University.

Common Elements

Readers theater encompasses slightly different approaches depending on the venue, but there are certain elements that are usually present. The presenter will typically read from a script with a range of emotions and expressions. Voice-modulations are also encouraged. In fact, the presenter rejects sets, lighting and costumes and embraces non-verbal communication techniques. Vocal versatility, wide-ranging facial expressions and competent gesturing may all contribute to the performance. Presenters are freed of the need to memorize lines, but they are expected to read their lines loudly and with proper intonation.

Benefits in Education

benefits in education

Presenters are key beneficiaries in readers theatre because they learn to tap their own inner resources. They cannot fall back on sets or costumes to convey the playwright’s message. The concept is great in an educational context because participants gain fluency in both their verbal and non-verbal communication. Indeed, it is potentially a multi-faceted educational experience that expands capabilities in reading, speaking, learning, listening and expressing.

It is fascinating to witness how this form of presentation has made its way into American education. It has not just been used in the obvious area of language arts. However, it has also been employed in science, social studies and even math. In mathematics, it has been used as an educational technique with regards to word problems. The power of this form of instruction is being unleashed across many age groups and skill levels. More advanced students may even be asked to write portions of the script that will be read aloud. The best scripts are often those that include lots of dialogue.

Scripts are typically divided into parts, or characters. Parts are then assigned to the students involved. There is no need to memorize lines. Fluency is improved as students repeat their lines several times. In so doing, they may come to understand the meaning behind those words with greater depth. This is encouraged as children are asked to try to read with real expression. In addition to the direct and obvious benefits for students, self-confidence may increase through the experience.

Selection of Scripts

In an educational setting, many types of literature may be used in this form of theater. Poetry, portions of novels, folk stories and short stories may be viable options. Again, scripts with relatively more dialogue may be ideal,mwhile those with long, descriptive passages are not. Some enterprising educators have even used newspaper articles, magazine articles and picture books as source material.

To improve the chances that the audience will be successfully engaged, compelling content should be carefully selected. Because presenters are verbalizing that content, a strong story line should be present. Characters that are interesting and/or humorous may contribute to success. Finally, scripts that offer good plot action and flow at a brisk or steady pace are good choices.

Visual Radio

One person involved in this form of theater summed up the modern impetus behind this from of theatre when she said, “In a day where words assault and offend, such lines are like the lavender-scented breeze. It never ceases to amaze that all of the special effects people seem to hunger for these days cannot measure up to the power of well-chosen words.” Perhaps it is illuminating to note that some have called this form of theatre “visual radio.”

Additional Resources

Explains What Readers Theater Is
Promoting Literacy and Love of Reading through Readers Theatre
Reading Recovery through Readers Theatre
Empowering Teachers with Successful Strategies through Readers Theatre
Readers Theatre Scripts and Plays
Advantages of Readers Theater
Readers Theatre Resources
Readers Theatre Scripts
Strategies for Readers Theatre
A Guide to Readers Theater
Example of 4th graders Readers Theater on “You Tube”
Instructional Strategies for Readers Theater

Stadium Design Sustainability

A design for the new Los Angeles NFL stadium is in the works and it is set to be the first NFL stadium ever to become LEED certified.

A design for the new Los Angeles NFL stadium is in the works and it is set to be the first NFL stadium ever to become LEED certified.

The phrase “green architecture” refers to the use of environmentally aware, sustainable architectural and construction methods. Today’s stadiums and arenas are often designed with a full embrace of this concept. Many professional sports organizations have publicly committed to the use of sustainable practices in the construction and utilization of arenas and other venues that they use.

Green and sustainable stadium and arena design and construction often focuses on a number of definable objectives:

  • Reduced water consumption
  • Greater energy efficiency
  • Sustainable energy production
  • Waste management
  • Reduction in the facility’s carbon footprint
Levi’s Stadium Becomes First Pro Football Field to Earn LEED Gold Certification as New Construction Levi's Stadium Receives LEED Gold Certification – Inhabitat - Sustainable Design Innovation, Eco Architecture, Green Building  by Beverley Mitchell, 07/23/14

Levi’s Stadium Becomes First Pro Football Field to Earn LEED Gold Certification as New Construction Levi’s Stadium Receives LEED Gold Certification – Inhabitat – Sustainable Design Innovation, Eco Architecture, Green Building by Beverley Mitchell, 07/23/14

These objectives are relevant during construction and as the venue is operated over the long-term. For example, even the means of transporting construction materials and heavy equipment to the site may be considered in an effort to reduce the carbon footprint of the project.

Cost/Benefit Analyses

Some may assume that the cost of environmentally-conscious design may be prohibitive. However, advances in green technology often make such an assumption incorrect. In today’s world, developers need to be aware of evolving technologies and techniques that are more environmentally friendly, They also need to understand that green design and construction may be appreciated or even expected by both the public and by public servants.

Therefore, project managers should incorporate the latest sustainable concepts into all aspects of the new stadium or arena. Proper research into ever-evolving green construction techniques will allow developers to take fully advantage of new technologies. At times, more conscientious effort is required to effectively incorporate sustainable methods into the project. Initial expenses early-on may lead to long-term savings and an enhanced public image.

Design Objectives

From the outset, the design team should seek to pursue initiatives and concepts that:

  • Reduce energy consumption of all kinds
  • Reduce carbon emissions and all other emissions
  • Encourage local energy generation
  • Reduce waste of all kinds
  • Encourage recycling wherever possible

Again, one should not underestimate the potential for direct savings and reduced overhead over the life of the facility. This reality can prove to be very beneficial for the the operator of the venue, whether the operator be public or private.

Desirable Certifications

In the United States, LEED certification is increasingly desirable to project developers and venue operators alike. LEED certification specifies exacting standards that must be met. A successful effort results in a certification that communicates to everyone that the facility has been designed and operated with green concepts and principles at the forefront. In Europe, BREEAM certification is available to projects that are in compliance.

Oftentimes, professional sports organizations and even amateur governing bodies encourage the acquisition of such certifications as a matter of policy. Developers need to be fully aware from the outset of the environmental expectations of these organizations, as well as the expectations of local governments and the public. Then, consultants, designers and architects can work toward a common environmentral goal from the start.

Sustainability: Active and Passive Approaches

There are varied means by which sustainability goals may be achieved. Some are simply integral to good planning and design, while others employ technology to conserve energy and promote the sustainable use of resources.

Passive measures – Many passive means of achieving green goals are readily available to urban planners, project architects and others. These design ideas do not require the deployment of either technological or mechanical methods to be effective.

Examples of passive methods include shading areas from the sun through the use of screens or the special positioning of buildings, the deployment of cooling towers, the construction of thicker walls or the use of grass roofs. Once these things are done, they continue to save energy without the use of any added technology.

Active measures – Sustainability can also be promoted through the use of specific technological or mechanical systems to save energy by cooling and/or heating a structure more efficiently. Historically, energy-efficient systems have come with higher capital costs, but they have generated operational savings through lower energy cost. In turn, such systems have often successfully reduced the carbon footprint of a given facility.

Key Sustainability Concepts

Again, the maximization of sustainability benefits requires attention to solid concepts from the start. A stated emphasis on energy conservation, green architecture and sustainability should be a guiding principle from day one when a new entertainment or sports venue is being designed. Broadly speaking, concepts regarding sustainability in venue design are categorized under the headings of water, energy, materials and waste management.


More information visit

More information visit

A more responsible use of water can accrue through both recycling and reduced use.

Availability – An adequate supply of water is not a given in every locale. There are drought-prone areas where a large new project must meet demanding standards for water conservation. In some settings, a new stadium must account for special on-site water treatment facilities in order to recycle this precious commodity.

Rainwater harvesting – The large roof areas and other horizontal surfaces that are often found at a new sports facility make the project more amenable to the harvesting of rainwater. At stadiums, rainwater is channeled off of roof areas and into storage tanks. Later, the water can be used for irrigation as needed. If water is in particularly scarce supply, rainwater can be treated and used for other important purposes. Any use of this naturally-occurring resource reduces overall energy and chemical use while promoting water conservation in the community. More information


Recycling – Gray water recycling can be important at larger venues. Water from showers can be re-used in toilets, for example. In some settings, the location of a local sewage treatment plant may allow the sports facility to draw the so-called gray water from the plant to service toilets and urinals.

Waterless urinals – urinals that make use of a trap insert can also conserve water. The special insert is filled with a special liquid rather than regular water. Waterless urinals are another more recent development in the quest for more sustainable water usage.


The opportunities for energy conservation are ubiquitous during design and construction and during operations in the years to come. Even the choice of location can positively impact energy usage requirements.

Transportation – Methods can be devised to encourage the use of public transport once the fans begin to arrive. Any reduction in the use of private vehicles quickly impacts the project’s carbon footprint. Emissions are reduced, fuel usage is reduced, and parking lot costs are reduced.

Building services systems – New projects can take full advantage of the tremendous inroads in HVAC system designs and efficiencies in recent years. Motors in such system are more energy-efficient than in the past. Air re-circulation methods reduce the heating and cooling requirements within a system.


Facades – Today, architects more fully understand that the choice of facades is more than a matter of aesthetics. Facades that possess excellent thermal insulation may be helpful in any effort to promote green architecture. The choice of the right materials can even improve the venue’s acoustics.

Evapotranspiration – The cooling, evaporative effect when wind blows through trees, shrubs and other plants can be significant when it is properly harnessed. The proper positioning of flora around the facility helps to cool the area in the summer as the wind circulates through these trees and plants. In the winter, the prevalence of sizable trees reduces the impact of strong prevailing winds.

Energy-efficient lighting – The evolution of LED lighting can dramatically impact energy usage such lights are deployed where incandescent and fluorescent lights were used in the past. Energy savings can often exceed 80 percent. Where more intense lighting is required, the evolution of newer, more energy-efficient sodium vapor lamps can be beneficial.

Natural light – Architects and designers have been increasingly mastering the use of natural light via skylights, solar tubes, etc. Any use of natural light to replace artificial light represents a 100-percent energy savings in that application.



Photovoltaic solar panels – Photovoltaic panels now can produce electricity far more efficiently than ever before. Maintenance costs are low, durability is good, and they create no pollution. Large expanses of roof panels may be excellent places on which to install solar panels.

Natural cooling and ventilation – Overhangs, louvers and other design elements can be employed to cool areas in a way that reduces dependence on artificial cooling. A well-ventilated area improves patron comfort with a minimum of AC usage. Humidity levels rise when large crowds congregate, and good ventilation can whisk some of this humidity away.



Wind energy – Along with solar panels, wind turbines are also becoming more efficient renewable energy sources. Such turbines tend to work best at some elevation above the surrounding countryside. Stadiums that are many stories high may benefit from the use of wind turbines on rooftops. Learn more.




Today, many building supplies are identified as coming from recycled materials. Some wood products will be certified as coming only from sustainable forests. Such materials should be selected wherever it is feasible.

Transportation of supplies – Any materials that can be locally sourced do not require as much transportation to the site. Locally produced materials thus reduce the carbon footprint of the project in yet another way.

From  Heading  Super Bowl's Green Stadiums: MetLife and Others Tackle Energy Efficiency

From Heading Super Bowl’s Green Stadiums: MetLife and Others Tackle Energy Efficiency


Waste Management

A large, new venue will generate a large amount of waste during construction. The amount of waste should be minimized, and its disposal should be completed as efficiently as possible. Once operational, managers of the arena or other facility should provide for the separation of organic, recyclable and other waste. The efficient disposition of waste can further reduce the project’s carbon footprint.

Stadium Safety and Security


It cannot be denied that both security and safety are among the most important factors to be considered when a new stadium or arena is designed and subsequently constructed. It is a solemn responsibility indeed to ensure the safety of fans and patrons from their arrival to their departure. Spectators have a right to expect that they will enjoy the event in a safe environment. At times, safety needs and comfort considerations may oppose one another. At such times, safety must remain the paramount consideration. (See demonstration emergency evacuation procedures by FEMA.)

Safety and security issues can be loosely organized under these headings:

  • Architectural design
  • Structural safety
  • Fire safety and prevention
  • Operational safety and security

Architectural Design

Safety considerations are an integral part of the design process from the start. Concourses must be wide enough for easy egress in emergencies. Entrances and exits must not possess the potential to become bottlenecks. Lighting must be adequate in all areas, and signs must clearly delineate evacuation routes and other important pathways. Non-flammable materials must be used as building and fire codes require, and they should be used in every possible aspect of construction.

Structural Safety


Absolute compliance with all building codes and national standards is vital to ensure the structural integrity of the facility. When the welfare of thousands or tens of thousands of spectators is at stake, it is vital that the original design promote structural safety one-hundred percent.

Every potential falling risk must be identified and addressed. Of course, safety barriers must be able to stop even the most excited or unruly fans. Such barriers must be able to resist the substantial horizontal loads that can be created when great numbers of attendees simultaneously press against such a barrier. Walls, both interior and exterior, must also be able to withstand these potentially significant horizontal forces. Sightlines should also be a consideration in the design of gangways, ramps and other pathways.

Of course, experience teaches that the railings and safety barriers in front of the first row of seats in each section are of particular importance. There may be a temptation to compromise on the height of such barriers to aid sightlines, but safety concerns must prevail.

Jon Darch - Own work   A "safe standing" area, using rail seats.  Safe standing area fitted with rail seats in the AWD Arena, Hannover. Taken in June 2012.

Jon Darch – Own work A “safe standing” area, using rail seats. Safe standing area fitted with rail seats in the AWD Arena, Hannover. Taken in June 2012.

Fire Safety and Prevention


Past disasters at major venues worldwide have impressed upon everyone the absolute need to minimize the possibility of fire and/or smoke inhalation hazards. Open flames are not needed for a disaster to occur. Smoke inhalation is often the greater hazard to spectators, workers and others.

Greek football riot: Rampaging fans torch stadium " (

Greek football riot: Rampaging fans torch stadium ” (

Fire prevention comes in active and passive forms. Fire extinguishers and sprinklers are active means of fire prevention, while fire doors and the clear division of areas into separate sectors are passive forms of fire prevention or suppression.


Project managers should work at all times with local fire department authorities to ensure that there is a full understanding on the part of local firefighters of the complete layout so that emergency services can be delivered in an expeditious manner if they are ever required.

Operational Safety and Security


Stadiums and arenas must benefit from a comprehensive security strategy that encompasses every inch of the grounds and of the structure. A security consultant that has worked on security system design for stadiums and arenas can be retained to develop a strategic layout that provides for comprehensive camera survelliance of all important and appropriate areas. Such a consultant may simultaneously enhance system quality while decreasing overall costs. More on camera survelliance

Marlins  Control Room

Marlins Control Room

Survelliance – A centralized control room that provides security personnel with a thorough view of the venue is one key component, and the full deployment of CCTV cameras in an unobtrusive manner is another. Pan, tilt and zoom functions on modern cameras dramatically enhance their capabilities. Still, a trial-and-error period may be required prior to the grand opening to guarantee that all surveillance equipment is properly positioned and fully operational.

Public address system – The public address (PA) system needs to be fine-tuned so that emergency instructions can be successfully broadcast to every portion of the stadium or arena should the need arise. Today’s digital systems can offer highly audible sound when they are used properly. Of course, it is imperative that the system not be vulnerable to any potential power failure. Back-up generators and other systems can be used to ensure a fail-safe design.

MetLife stadium evacuation from USC vs. Syracuse game

Scoreboards and digital displays – Today’s stadiums invariably feature massive scoreboards that allow for projecting large video images to the spectators. In outdoor venues, these very large displays must be designed to withstand even the most extreme winds and other forces. Large scoreboards should be fully employed to display evacuation and other emergency instructions should the need ever arise.

Emergency vehicles – Ambulance, fire truck and other emergency vehicle access must be provided for in the initial design, and this access must always be maintained. It is important to consider what kinds of vehicles may require access in a crisis, and where they need to appear in order to most effectively deliver emergency services.

Continued Vigilance


Once the facility is hosting events, it is incumbent upon the operations manager and other responsible parties to ensure that the turnstiles and evacuation routes are completely operational. Critical exits must always remain unlocked and free of obstacles. Proper maintenance will allow the original design to help to provide for the safety and security of ticket holders.

Performing Arts Theater Seating

Every patron who has enjoyed performing arts theater seating looks for a balance of comfort and a good view of the stage. Planning boards and theater owners who opt for inexpensive chairs may not realize the pain experienced by patrons after watching hours of music and dancing. These organizations also need to think about stage views from each chair in the venue to avoid obstructed and diminished views.

Help Patrons Stay Comfortable in Performing Arts Theater Seating

Venue owners, operators and investors must find the best chairs available within the confines of their operating budgets. Many theaters are looking at ergonomic chairs with contoured padding around the back and neck. These chairs are ideal for older patrons who have trouble sitting through productions longer than two hours. It is important for planners to incorporate chair designs into existing end pieces and aisle lighting to avoid glaring aesthetic problems.

Ensure Good Views From Performing Arts Theater Seating

The floor plan of a good performing arts center uses solid grading and uniform seat levels to ensure that each seat is worth its ticket price. Theater planners need to design rows at each ticket level with the top of a chair lining up with the top of a folded seat pad in the following row. Performing arts theaters and studios should avoid reclining chairs that have become popular in movie theaters. These chairs create imbalanced viewing levels that distract patrons during plays, operas and choral performances.

Preferred Seating allows performing arts centers and theaters to customize seating products. The company’s sales staff is available toll free at (866) 922-0226 for consultations about renovated, used and customized seating.

Theater Seating

There are uniform solutions for arts boards and business owners that are looking at theater seating. Theater and movie owners may look at seats as simple tools for profitability. These business people should not take the look and feel of theater seating for granted. Chairs, love seats and benches need to fit into the overall aesthetic of movies and theaters for memorable experiences by attendees.

Match Theater Seating to a Venue’s Tone

Some businesses need to use simple seating options due to budgetary considerations. Public theaters and second-run film houses have limited funds to spend on elaborate seating arrangements. These companies do not need to eschew style in favor of lower expenses. There are plenty of vendors in the United States that offer used chairs and love seats salvaged from closed venues.

Movie theater chains and performing arts centers have greater financial leeway than their competitors when purchasing chairs. These businesses can charge higher rates and add premium services like dinner and drinks to increase their profit margins. The average venue can invest these profits into renovation projects that increase patron comfort. Owners can purchase chairs with reclining bodies to maximize enjoyment of movies, plays and other presentations.

Preferred Seating has installed seating for high schools, colleges and public theaters over the last 22 years. Theater representatives can speak with Preferred Seating’s sales staff at (866) 922-0226 to get quotes on new, used and renovated seating.

Bleachers Indoor Installation

Indoor bleachers and stadium seats can be used to increase fan participation when used properly. A venue owner should imagine a sold-out seating area where ticket holders are doing the wave in rapid succession from one section to the next. The simple profile and uniform shape of indoor bleachers can be used to pump up sports teams during home games.

High schools, colleges and minor-league teams should look at indoor bleachers as tools for increased ticket sales. Parents can pay lower prices for bleacher seats at local hockey and basketball games than they do for tickets to first-run movies. The team owner’s goal of filling the seats is accomplished with brand-new bleacher seating.

Getting Fans Excited by Adding Bleachers to Indoor Stadiums

The logistics of pretzel, soda and popcorn vendors in seating areas are simplified with indoor bleachers. Fans in the sections that aren’t filled to capacity can shuffle down and work with vendors to complete concessions sales.

The power of a sold-out indoor stadium or auditorium is enhanced with a large bleacher section. The lack of physical boundaries in the bleachers forces fans to develop temporary friendships during games. These friendships can result in organized cheers, waves and other forms of fan-dom that lead to success for the home team.

Preferred Seating is a provider of stadium seating based out of Indianapolis. Team owners and schools can call toll free at (866) 922-0226 to find out more about products for sale like the Champion Stadium Chair.

Purchase Retractable Bleachers

telescopic bleachers

The demand for stadium seats and bleachers is not restricted to the sporting world. Sports fans may be surprised to find retractable bleachers at other venues in their communities. These fans might find retractable seating at local high schools, college convocation centers and industrial facilities.

Find Companies that Switch Stadium Seats for Bleachers

Schools around the United States choose retractable bleachers for their gyms to host different events. A high school that has telescoping bleachers and a few rows of stadium seats can hold assemblies to get students excited for sporting events. The typical school can also host basketball tournaments, expand intramural programs and hold blood banks to increase connections to the community.

Colleges rely on ticket sales for concerts, speeches and other events to offset student life costs. School administrators can procure retractable stadium chairs that can be shifted around to diversify floor plans. These products can be customized with matching rails and chair backs to ensure student comfort during long events.


Growing companies around the world have invested in large corporate offices to keep social events and meetings in house. These businesses can use portable bleachers, stadium seats and folding chairs in open spaces for events scheduled on short notice. The advantage of portable seating units is that events staff can push and roll bleachers into storage areas after meetings are adjourned.

Every business in need of stadium seats can work with Preferred Seating. Business owners can call toll free (866) 922-0226 to ask about bleacher-mount chairs, Tuf Stadium Seats and other options.















Tune In to Start a Stand-Out Music Venue

Get ready to cue the lights, music, and crowd by starting a music venue in your town. Although it can be a challenge to get your enterprise up and running, you’ll find that concert halls and music venues are rewarding opportunities to make money and give back to the community.

After all, music not only has the ability to cross cultures, lift moods, and inspire artists and audiences alike, it gives you the perfect excuse to get your groove on.

Don’t let fear keep you from fulfilling your business dreams. Here’s how you can get your foot in the door and start a stand-out music venue.


Whether you want to open a bar, concert hall, or kid-friendly music venue, envisioning what you want is important. Follow these steps to envision (and achieve) success:

  • Listen to your gut. No matter what everyone else tells you, listen to your gut. Once you know what you want, and feel it is the right way to proceed, you will have the drive to carry out your plans and succeed.
  • Have an open mind. Don’t limit yourself to what’s been done before. Have an open mind when it comes to budgeting, building, designing, hiring, and promoting. It’s up to you to create your space. An open mind keeps vision alive.
  • Educate yourself. Don’t jump into any business venture blindfolded. You need to know what you are getting yourself into. Educate yourself in every aspect of music, business, and networking. Don’t let lack of knowledge lead to failure.
  • Involve the community. Although it’s wise to educate yourself, involvement takes success to the next level. Network and find people who are willing to help. The old adage “it’s not what you know but who you know that counts” stands true—especially in the music industry.


It stands to reason that you need a defined budget before beginning any business venture. Your budget should be smart, specific, manageable, attainable, realistic, and time-sensitive. Don’t ever plan on spending all of your pocket money; those who do generally go bankrupt in the process. Budgeting makes everything come together to work for the good of your business. Here’s what to include:

  • Total start-up costs
  • Funds for material
  • Labor costs
  • Regular operations costs
  • Projected revenue (to support continuation and success of business)
  • Projected profit margin

To begin, draw up an initial budget and then adjust your plans as needed. Once you begin making money, your budget should be tabulated yearly. Don’t forget to include the services of a good accountant in your budget as your business grows.


Finding the proper location can make or break your business. Do the following to scout out the right venue:

  • Examine various neighborhoods (away from children and seniors).
  • Understand property history, values, and tax rates.
  • Research rental rates.
  • Become acquainted with the city council and community business organizations.
  • Get a fair deal on lease and/or mortgage.
  • Hire a lawyer to negotiate and ensure stable payments.
  • Set up utilities.
  • Take out insurance policies as needed.

It takes a lot to run a business, but over-preparedness is one key to success. Be truly prepared before, during, and after you find the perfect location.


Now you’re ready to let your creative juices flow. Designing allows you to couple savviness with style. Choose a style that is warm, friendly, welcoming, and suitable for your clientele. If your venue’s ambiance is off, don’t count on your crowd to come back for more.

When you design, keep the following in mind:

  • Capacity
  • Durable theater seating
  • Bathroom conditions
  • Sound-proofing
  • Emergency exits
  • Handicap access

Finding good sound equipment is another part of the design process. To run a successful venue, you need microphone cords, stage lights, speakers, and a PA system. And, if you plan to sell liquor or food, you need to obtain the proper licenses during the design process.


Advertising is key. Unless people know about your business, they won’t show up to hear the music. When it comes to advertising, get creative:

  • Distribute stickers & branded swag.
  • Post flyers on bike racks.
  • Chalk sidewalks.
  • Use social and traditional media.
  • Make announcements at related events.

Whether you advertise by word, street poles, or television, make sure everyone knows about your opening long before it actually occurs. Create some buzz.


While budgeting, anticipate the cost of employees and then hire as needed. Depending on your venue, common staffing needs include:

  • Security guards
  • Sound technicians
  • Booking agents
  • Musicians
  • Waitresses
  • Bartenders
  • Cleaning personnel

If you can’t hire full-time musicians, begin a booking process online. Keep an open mind; many local and/or touring bands and musicians are willing to lower their initial cut for the exposure. While you shouldn’t hire just anyone, don’t turn groups away before looking into what they have to offer.


Now that you’ve invested all of your time and a good chunk of money in your music venue, enjoy it. Spend time there, make friends, open up business correspondences, and never stop reaching for the stars. If you are driven and committed, success is bound to follow—and before you know it, you can fill every seat in the house!